Yazoo City and many cities like it in Mississippi will soon be facing the difficult decisions that private businesses in their communities have already grappled with.
That's because there's a two-month lag between when sales are made in stores and when municipalities receive their cut of the sales tax.
For example, what the Mississippi Department of Revenue calls March sales tax collections reflect sales made in stores in February, 7% of which are turned into the state in March and then cities get back their 18.5% of the tax collections in April, plus any special levies like tourism taxes.
So those numbers show just a small picture of the damage that is coming to municipal tax collections from the coronavirus because sales were only barely starting to be affected in February.
The big hit came in mid-March, and then April will probably be the worst month for retail sales because the government-ordered cessation of business and gatherings was in effect for the full month. Hopefully things will begin to pick up when shelter-in-place orders begin to expire.
This all means that when many businesses began making layoffs in March, it might not hit local governments until May. Then June will probably be the worst for cities (counties are more insulated from this pandemic because they are primarily funded by property taxes).
The city of Hattiesburg, one of the largest retail markets in the state, announced April 27 that it is making layoffs, although it did not specify how many. Its sales tax collections from February sales, the most recent data available, were actually up 2%, but clearly Hattiesburg knows a big drop is coming.
Other municipal governments will be facing the same dilemma.
Frankly, governments always carry more fat than private businesses. This could be an opportunity to trim some of that off the taxpayers' backs.
But if layoffs are made, city services will surely be affected. Tough choices are inevitable, but hopefully a recovery will be quick.